Last edited by Mugrel
Saturday, February 8, 2020 | History

6 edition of Philosophical linguistics found in the catalog.

Philosophical linguistics

an introd.

by Asa Kasher

  • 378 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by Scriptor-Verlag in Kronberg/Ts .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Language and languages -- Philosophy.,
  • Linguistics -- Methodology.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 189-197.

    StatementAsa Kasher, Shalom Lappin.
    SeriesMonographien Linguistik und Kommunikationswissenschaft ; Bd. 32
    ContributionsLappin, Shalom.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsP106 .K298
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiv, 197 p. ;
    Number of Pages197
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4280801M
    ISBN 103589205172
    LC Control Number78306912

    We may consider "the horse" to be the product of a propositional function. At least some Emergentist linguists, and perhaps some Externalists, would be content to say Philosophical linguistics book languages are collections of social conventions, publicly shared, and some philosophers would agree see Millikanfor example, and Chomsky for a reply. Noam Chomsky proposed that the study of language could be done in terms of the I-Language, or internal language of persons. The linguistics perspectives provided by Stephanie Solt and Ulrich Sauerland are commendable efforts to combine work from other fields with their own perspectives. He also argued that primitive names had a natural correctness, because each phoneme represented basic ideas or sentiments.

    Since the speaker does not necessarily know anything about the history of his or her language, it is not through the diachronic perspective that we can gain an understanding of its Philosophical linguistics book. Definiteness: are the recipient and transferred-item NPs definite like the bishop or indefinite like some members Animacy: do the recipient and transferred-item NPs denote animate beings or inanimate things? For instance, one of the major fields of sociology, symbolic interactionismis based on the insight that human social organization is based almost entirely on the use of meanings. Linguists just have a very different attitude towards language than many people who are not professionally involved in thinking about it. The sorites paradox is resolved because multiple uses of tolerance cannot be combined.

    Solt gives interpretations for examples involving vague quantifiers Philosophical linguistics book using comparison classes. Philosopher Michael Dummett is also a proponent of the "language-first" viewpoint. Senses determine reference and are also the modes of presentation of the objects to which expressions refer. The phenomena of vagueness and ambiguity were analyzed intensely, and this led to an increasing interest in problems related to the use of syncategorematic words such as and, or, not, if, and every. However, his criticism of Saussure, which provided a basis for some of his key ideas, has itself become a target of criticism for its misinterpretation of Saussure Daylight


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Philosophical linguistics by Asa Kasher Download PDF Ebook

The sentence "Fred Philosophical linguistics book tall" can be interpreted as that Fred is taller than some standard height determined by a comparison class of people. Performance involves actual real-time use, and may diverge radically from the underlying competence, for at least two reasons: a an attempt to produce an utterance may be perturbed by non-linguistic factors like being distracted or interrupted, changing plans or losing Philosophical linguistics book, being drunk or having a brain injury; or b certain capacity limits of the mechanisms of perception or production may be overstepped.

Bresnan and her colleagues defend the use of corpora—bodies of attested written and spoken texts. Marco Cerami and Pere Prado provide technical frameworks for counterfactuals where antecedents and consequents have fuzzy truth values. But then they say, somewhat mystifyingly: Each of these discrete expressions is then passed to the sensory-motor and conceptual-intentional systems, which process and elaborate this information in the use of language.

The sense of a sentence is the thought that it expresses. Each has been associated with its own body of literature. To give a few examples: The influential Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure distinguished between langue, a socially shared set of abstract conventions compare with ii and parole, the particular choices made by a speaker deploying a language compare iii.

What Is Race?: Four Philosophical Views

Probably the paradigmatic Essentialist agrees with them all. Ostension is Philosophical linguistics book puzzling; it cuts across domains seemingly unbridgeable—public—private, inner—outer, mind—body.

The referents of sentences embedded in propositional attitude ascriptions and other opaque contexts are their usual senses. Some of the most prominent members of this tradition of formal semantics include Tarski, Carnap, Richard Montague and Donald Davidson.

To know Philosophical linguistics book is no longer to come as close as possible to knowledge itself; it is merely to apply the methods of understanding in general to a particular domain of objectivity.

It was found that participants who were given names for the aliens learned to categorize the aliens far more quickly, reaching 80 per cent accuracy in less than half the time taken by those not told the names. Because Chomsky's terminological innovations have been adopted so widely in linguistics, the focus of sections 2.

Every object, every person, every event, and every force communicates or signifies continuously. How do we do it? The result of their studies was the elaboration of linguistic-philosophical notions whose complexity and subtlety has only recently come to be appreciated. Both papers are good examples of how experimental linguistics can engage with theoretical fuzzy logic.

A Philosophical Introduction to Probability

Bennett's contribution seems important for researchers in his area. The use theory of meaningmost commonly associated with the late Ludwig Wittgensteinhelped inaugurate the idea of "meaning as use", and a communitarian view of language. Consider the name Aristotle and the descriptions "the greatest student of Plato", "the founder of logic" and "the teacher of Alexander".

All components of the model except number of the recipient NP made a statistically significant difference—almost all at the 0. Chomsky 52 Thus, while the speaker's I-language may be involved in performing operations over representations of distal stimuli—representations of other speaker's utterances—I-languages can and should be studied in isolation from their Philosophical linguistics book environments.

They then took Philosophical linguistics book model they had generated for the telephone speech data Philosophical linguistics book applied it to a corpus of written material: the Philosophical linguistics book Street Journal Philosophical linguistics book WSJa collection of —9 newspaper copy, only roughly edited.

For example, when asked to describe a "key"—a word that is masculine in German and feminine in Spanish—the German speakers were more likely to use words like "hard", "heavy", "jagged", "metal", "serrated" and "useful" whereas Spanish speakers were more likely to say "golden", "intricate", "little", "lovely", "shiny" and "tiny".

One might want to investigate various notions of logical consequence. No one really thinks that language works like that now. However, since Saussure insists also in the manuscripts that analogy is a synchronic phenomenon, he admits a problem: if there is innovation there is change, and thus one enters the diachronic perspective.

Bloomfield showed a strong interest in historical linguistic change compare ivdistinguishing that sharply much as Saussure did from synchronic description of language structure ii again and language use compare iiiarguing that the study of iv presupposed vi.

We all feel we know about it, because we use it every day. Katz took nominalism to have been refuted by Chomsky in his critiques of American structuralists in the s.

Speech act theory was developed by J. The ideational theory of meaningmost commonly associated with the British empiricist John Lockeclaims that meanings are mental representations provoked by signs.The seminar will explore the phenomenon of a priori knowledge.

We'll consider some notable attempts to account for a priori knowledge in the history of philosophy (e.g., by Plato, Descartes, Hume, and Kant), some influential critiques of the notion; we will end by considering some contemporary approaches to the a.

Define philosophical. philosophical synonyms, philosophical pronunciation, philosophical translation, English dictionary definition of philosophical. also phil·o·soph·ic adj. 1. Of, relating to, or based on a system of philosophy.

Dec 05,  · Philosophy And Linguistics 2. Philosophical investigations Ludwig Wittgenstein breakthrough book, ‘‘Philosophical Investigations’’ (). This is, from one point of view, the manifesto of linguistic philosophy.

In that book he emphasized the vagueness and ambiguity of life. Is fuzziness of ordinary language is a problem?The finest and pdf guide to the peculiarities of Elizabethan syntax, grammar, and prosody, this volume addresses every idiomatic usage found in Shakespeare's works (with additional references to the works of Jonson, Bacon, and others).The Linguistic Turn provides a rich and representative introduction to the entire historical download pdf doctrinal range of the linguistic philosophy movement.

In two retrospective essays titled "Ten Years After" and "Twenty-Five Years After," Rorty shows how his book was shaped by the time in which it was written and traces the directions philosophical study has taken since/5(4).Oct ebook,  · In this book, he exposes harshly the morass of linguistics and Wittgenstein's `Philosophical Investigations', demolishes William James, tells how he destroyed unintentionally Frege's life work and gives insightful comments on Tarski, Ryle and his own struggle with induction.5/5(1).